God created Adam and Eve. He fated that they descend to
the Earth to live and die there. They are the parents of all
humankind. From their children and offspring nations and
tribes were formed.
Adam and his family worshiped God alone and followed
His commandments. However, deviations happened from
one generation to another. People lost their religion and
worshiped false gods.
Therefore, God sent prophets and messengers to remind
people about their Lord who created them and to affirm His
oneness. They invited people to submit to God, worship
Him alone and follow His commandments.
Also, prophets and messengers were reformers, they taught
people values and morals. They called for justice and
denied oppressions and abominations.
Among the known prophets and
messengers God sent to humanity are
Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac,
Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Zachariah, John,
Jesus and Muhammad (peace be upon all
Approximately 2000 BCE , Abraham
established the Ka'bah in Makkah to glorify
God and worship Him alone without
The Ka'bah remained a safe haven
and a destination for believers
in one God for a long time.
But people over history
deviated from monotheism;
they practiced polytheism and
Also, injustice, evil, killing and immorality spread among them.
Therefore, God sent more prophets and messengers
to remind people about their true God, bring them to
monotheism, and spread justice and good morals.
Approximately 1300 BCE , God sent Moses to the children
of Israel and revealed the Torah to him, a book of light and
guidance to them.
Then, after many prophets, God sent Jesus to the children of
Israel and He revealed the Bible to him, a book of light and
guidance to people.
Those who rejected Jesus remained Jews and those who believed him became Christians.
But the creed of monotheism was altered to trinity and the
divine books were not protected from alterations as they
were written a long time after the departure of Moses and
Jesus. (The history of writing the Bible is covered in more
detail in chapter 5).
In the year 610 CE , God revealed to Muhammad His
final divine book, Quran. This book confirms the previous
revelations and points out the deviations from the pure
God sent him to bring people to monotheism, the true
religion of God. There are no revelations after the Quran.
Muhammad was the seal of the prophets who brought
God's final Message to humanity.
Prophet Muhammad informed his companions that no
messenger will come after him except Jesus. Jesus will not
bring a new Message from God, but he will confirm the
final message of God (the Quran) and unite people under
one banner, the banner of monotheism.
Jesus will return before the end of the world. He will fight
and kill the false Messiah.
Subsequently, all evil powers will fall. He will end wars in
the world and govern with God's law. Justice and peace will
prevail and people will enjoy harmony and benevolence.
Life on earth will not continue forever. It will end when the
Hour comes. The universe will collapse and the earth will